Fascist totalitarianism was not only a dream but also a reality that changed and frequently shook the lives of the inhabitants of Italy, Europe and the world for twenty years. The Italian regime devised a project that skillfully found followers in the country but also beyond its borders. The history of this totalitarianism, which began just as it ended - in pools of blood - is a history of constant escape from problems, collective and individual: escape from problems through violence and repression; escaping problems by controlling thoughts, behaviors, customs, sexuality, use of language, and laughter; escaping problems by fighting an internal enemy, especially Jews as victims of a very strict policy of exclusion. The book deals with different types of fascist aspirations and actions in relation to violence, ideology and culture.
To understand fascism, the author believes, means not to limit oneself only to doctrine, but to study the entire practice and developmental character of the regime pushed into radicalization. At the heart of this political project we find the desire for a new foundation of Italian society and the transformation of individuals, free from ideological delusions stemming from Christian morality and the enlightenment school. In order to achieve that, all means are allowed, even the most extreme ones, so that violence is no longer forbidden, but on the contrary is valued in a program that will shape a new man, loyal to fascism. In this dream, better to say a nightmare, about the total reorganization of the individual and society, and in the means used to make it happen, rests the totalitarian dimension of the fascist regime.
- Cover: hardcover
- Original title: Totalitarisme fasciste
- Original language: French
- Translation: Dubravka Celebrini