With the rise of nationalism and populism in Europe, the notion of fascism reappears in political debates, whether it is the announcement of a hypothetical return from the 1930's or the stigmatization of "Islamofascism" for the others. At a time when European democracies are showing signs of fatigue, it is necessary to re-examine the meaning of this word by mobilizing a historical approach and placing this political phenomenon in the country in which it was born: Italy.
Marie-Anne Matard-Bonucci recalls the role and unprecedented place of violence in fascist ideology and its practice. Violence was used not only to destroy political opponents, but also for the purpose of genocide in the Italian colonies. By studying certain areas that historians often neglect, she deciphers the impact of the fascist project on the daily lives of Italians, a project to build „a new man“ whose regime controls behavior, changes his personality, even in the private sphere: from language to laughter, leisure to employment. It also highlights the plasticity of fascist ideology, the rapture of action, and the pragmatism that allows for metamorphosis and denial.
Contrary to popular belief, Matard-Bonucci finally insists on the racist and anti-Semitic nature of the Mussolini regime: Fascist Italy was the only state to experience both colonial racist policies and state anti-Semitism.
- Cover: paperback
- Original title: Totalitarisme fasciste
- Original language: French
- Translation: Dubravka Celebrini